One of the first departments created in December 1942 at the Moscow Mechanical Institute (MMI) of the People’s Commissariat of Ammunition of the USSR was the Department of Metal Science and Metallurgy. Until 1949, the Department was headed by the Director of the MMI, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor A.F. Landa, and from 1949 to 1953 by Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor G.I. Pogodin-Alekseev. In 1951, a group of teachers was separated from the Department which formed the basis of the newly organized Department of Special Metallurgy (metal science of uranium and transuranium elements) (Department No. 1). From 1951 to 1955, it was headed by Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor D.M. Skorov.
The Department of Metal Physics (department No. 4) was organized in 1948. Until 1954, it was headed by Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor G.S. Zhdanov, and from 1954 to 1955 , by Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor (later Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences) N.V. Ageev.
In 1948, the Department Special Metallurgy (department No. 9) was also created, which was headed by Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (- Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences since 1953) V.S. Emelyanov.
In 1955-1956 as a result of the merger with the Department of Special Metallurgy (No. 1) and the Department of Metal Physics (No. 4), Department No. 9 received a new name – The Department of Metallurgy of Special and Radioactive Materials with the preservation of the number.
Since 1990, Department No. 9 has been given the modern name, the Department of Materials Science. The changes in the names of the Department reflect its evolution in improving the scientific and pedagogical activities of the staff, but the orientation towards training specialists for materials science in the nuclear industry has remained unchanged.